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With Training, Photos may be Dietary Assessment Tool

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A study indicates that photographs of food on plates might help improve health and also nutrition policy as dietary intake information is important both to individuals using nutrition-based therapy for conditions such as diabetes and heart disease, and to entire populations for identifying nutrition and disease risk.

Published in the journal Nutrients, the research at Oregon State University (OSU) tested the ability of 114 nutrition and dietetics students in the United States and Australia to identify foods and determine serving sizes by looking at photos of food on plates. They chose their food identification answers from entries in the U.S. Department of Agriculture’s Food and Nutrient Database for Dietary Studies.

The students correctly identified the nine different foods nearly 80 percent of the time but struggled with serving size; only 38 percent of the estimates were within 10 percent of the actual weight of the food, with foods of amorphous shape or higher energy density, such as ice cream, proving the hardest to assess.

Therefore, the researchers noted that universities that educate the dietitians who review the photos need to provide more consistent, formal training, particularly hands-on work in food measurement and preparation and the use of computerized nutrient database systems, and a shortage of formalized, standardized training in these skills is problematic.

Image-based dietary assessment, or IBDA, aims to reduce or eliminate the inaccuracies that commonly accompany traditional methods such as written dietary records, 24-hour dietary recalls and food frequency questionnaires.

With the prevalence of smartphones, photography is emerging as a means of augmenting food-intake information gathering. A pre-diabetes patient, for example, could take a picture of everything he ate for three days, and a dietitian could then analyze those photos to make recommendations for dietary improvements.

“If you’re providing me with your dietary intake information, you may not be trying to falsify the information, because you’re sincerely interested in improving your diet,” said the study’s corresponding author, Mary Cluskey, an associate professor in OSU’s College of Public Health and Human Sciences and a registered dietitian.

“But I’m depending on your ability to recall what you ate and your ability to correctly tell me what portions and specific ingredients you had – there are all kinds of things that can make it go wrong.”

Students with a food preparation background that included cooking from recipes and frequently measuring portions performed better than those without that type of background, suggesting that future training of dietetics students should incorporate more of those types of experiences.

“We also need to work with people on their ability to take photos,” Cluskey was quoted as saying in a news release from OSU.

“Shoot at a 45-degree angle to the food, preferably while you’re standing, and make sure you have adequate light. We want to make it as easy as possible for people to provide information that’s as accurate as possible,” Cluskey said. (PNA/Xinhua)
LOR/SSC

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Massive HIV-AIDS Info Drive Yields High Number of Screened Persons

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Image Source: qconline.com

The provincial health office’s aggressive campaign in the past couple of years on the deadly virus that weakens the immune system in man resulted in a rapid rise of individuals voluntarily submitting themselves for screening.

Last year, the HIV-AIDS campaign that was waged in schools and parishes all over the province encouraged 56 people for a check-up, more than double the 26 screened in 2016, and eight times more than the number 7 in 2015.

Although showing widespread awareness for those with questionable lifestyles, the trend was alarming, said Eunice Aida Batalon, provincial HIV-AIDS coordinator.

Out of the 56 screened in 2017 “the youngest was 12 years old, the oldest 72 years old, and two are females,” Batalon said in an interview at the Salvacion Oppus Yniguez Memorial Provincial Hospital (SOYMPH) at barangay Dongon, this city, January 10.

Samples of the blood taken were forwarded for confirmatory testing at San Lazaro hospital in Manila and the results were tellingly shocking: 4 out 7 screened in 2015 were confirmed positive; 4 out 26 in 2016 positive; and 7 out of 56 in 2017 were positive as well.

Those who had contacted AIDS in 2015 and 2016 already passed away, while 1 out of 7 in 2017 had expired, Batalon told PIA, although other sources said that 3 died in 2017.

Invoking confidentiality, Batalon would not state the whereabouts of those screened and those who perished, adding that not all were from the province alone as there were also those coming from the nearby towns of Leyte province.

While most of those afflicted cited poverty as reason for the infection, some well-off individuals also got infected, by way of men having sex with men (msm), Batalon said.

This year the continuing advocacy will focus on Parent-Teachers Community Associations (PTCAs), as parents and the family have vital roles to play to prevent the further spread of HIV-AIDS, Batalon declared. (ajc/mmp/PIA8-Southern Leyte)

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Duque Welcomes P1.4-B Refund for Unused Dengvaxia

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Image Source: from www.thinkingpinoy.net by AFP PHOTO / NOEL CELIS

Health Secretary Francisco Duque III has welcomed Sanofi Pasteur’s move to refund the government Php1.4 billion for the unused doses of the controversial dengue vaccine, Dengvaxia, in the health department’s public immunization program.

“We will ask for a full refund eventually. But for the meantime, we want the immediate withdrawal of all (Dengvaxia) vaccine vials stored in our cold chain facilities,” Duque said in an interview Monday.

“Ang importante kasi mai-withdraw na nila lahat ng mga vials because they are also eating up our space. Hindi kami makatanggap ng bagong bakuna sa cold chain facilities and RITM and regional storage facilities (It is important that they withdraw the remaining vials, which are eating up space in our cold chain facilities. We could not accept new vaccines in these facilities, as well as the Research Institute for Tropical Medicine and regional storage facilities),” he added.

The health chief said they also requested Sanofi to provide test kits developed by the University of Pittsburgh to conduct serotesting on children who received Dengvaxia, especially if they had no previous history of infection before receiving it.

Meanwhile, Sanofi said that their decision to reimburse the government for unused doses “is not related to any safety or quality issue with Dengvaxia”.

“Rather Sanofi Pasteur hopes that this decision will allow us to be able to work more openly and constructively with the DOH (Department of Health) to address the negative tone towards the dengue vaccine in the Philippines today,” the pharmaceutical company said in a statement, maintaining that Dengvaxia’s overall benefit remained positive in high endemic countries like the Philippines.

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DOH: Eat Iodine-Rich Food to Avoid Goiter

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Image Source: integrativenutrition.com

The Department of Health (DOH) and the National Nutrition Council (NNC) here urged the public to consumer food rich in iodine to avoid goiter.

NNC-7 Regional Director Parolita Mission disclosed in a recent Association of Government Information Officers-Philippine Information Agency (AGIO-PIA7) Forum that 92 percent of goiter cases is due to lack of iodine.

Mission urged the public to eat iodine-rich food such as seafoods and only use iodized salt with enough quantity of iodine content.

“Iodine can be taken from seafoods and iodine function is for processing metabolism,” Mission said.

She also said that iodine helps regulate the thyroid hormones.

Aside from iodine deficiency, the excessive intake of foods such as cauliflower, cassava, and broccoli can also cause or trigger goiter.

Dr. Anessa Patindol Medical Officer III of DOH-7 said that those who experience symptoms of neck enlargement should immediately seek medical attention as this is one of the common indications of goiter.

Although goiter commonly occurs among women, Patindol said it is still best for everybody to regularly take foods rich in iodine and avoid foods that may trigger goiter.

Patindol added that the treatment of goiter may be costly but DOH is providing assistance to those that seek medical attention.

“We are just requesting the public to seek early consultation if ever they have unusual changes in their body such as neck enlargement, and difficulty in breathing” Patindol said. (ays/PIA7/AGIO-PIA7 Forum)

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Kusina sa Kahimsug ug Pag-amuma Soon to Head South Cebu

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Image Source: www.cebu.gov.ph

After its successful implementation in San Remigio town, north Cebu last year, the feeding program of the Provincial Government and its partners will be heading south.

Initial talks on the implementation of the Kusina sa Kahimsug ug Pag-amuma (KKP) has been done with mayors of Samboan, Aloguinsan and Dumanjug by officials of Gawad Kalinga (GK), the Capitol’s lead partner for the feeding program project.

KKP is the Visayan counterpart of GK’s Kusina sa Kalinga and aims to reduce hunger, as well as help in the development of the child’s well-being by providing free meals to targeted 5,000 kindergarten and grade 6 pupils for 120 days.

The KKP is also implemented in partnership with the Department of Education (DepEd) – Cebu Province, the Department of Social Welfare and Development (DSWD) 7 and the local government unit where the feeding program is to be implemented.

Funding for the program comes from the Capitol, the LGU and all these government agencies.

“This is a continuation of the San Remigio Kusina sa Kahimsug ug Pag-amuma and part of Gov. (Hilario) Davide’s six key development agenda,” said Mrs. Jobel Davide, the governor’s wife and the adviser for the KKP feeding program.

Roy Soledad, head of the Cebu Investment Promotion Office (CIPO), said that according to GK officials, Samboan is receptive of the project, as well as Aloguinsan.

But Aloguinsan mayor Ignatius Moreno told them that he needs to consult first with his councilors on the details of the project.

Soledad added that Dumanjug mayor Rainero Asentista, who just assumed office, told them that he has yet to consult his councilors on the program.

KKP expansion is directed to these towns with high incidence of malnutrition.

In Samboan, KKP is targeting 3,546 children with Capitol shelling out P2.6 million as its counterpart fund, while there are 1,904 children for Aloguinsan and will have a budget of P2.548 million from the Capitol.

Soledad said he will have the figures from Dumanjug as soon as local officials pledge their commitment.

Soledad and GK officials will again meet with the mayors of these towns next month to finalize the plan to replicate KKP in their respective LGUs. (Oscar Pineda)

www.cebu.gov.ph

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