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The Ultimate Guide to Body Changes When Pregnant



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The human body can handle miraculous things. Growing and birthing a baby is just one of them. It’s important to know all the changes that your body goes through to allow a baby to grow. You’ll understand more about the symptoms and discomforts that you experience while understanding more about what your growing baby needs from you.

This is your ultimate guide to all the body changes. We’ll look at not just how your organs shift or how much weight you gain, but how your energy levels, eyesight, and cognitive functions can change. Are you ready to delve into the world of pregnancy changes? You may be surprised by some of them.

The Early Signs Are Changes

Technically, those early signs of pregnancy that you get are changes to your body. One of the most common ways for women to tell they’re pregnant is the missed period. They can also experience a little cramping around the implantation stage when the egg is getting comfortable in your uterus. Home pregnancy tests are now extremely accurate and will help you determine if you are in the early stages or not.

Many women will experience tiredness in the earlier stages. Your body is working hard to get ready for this growing baby. The fetus zaps away your nutrients to help it grow, so you’re left with less to support your own body. Don’t worry about this! Your body will adapt.

The ability to adapt to the fewer nutrients is one of the unnoticed changes. Your body will tell you that you need to sleep more throughout the day and encourage you to rest. Just a few short naps in the day can help you feel human again.

Hormonal changes are also experienced, although you won’t necessarily know they’re happening. Pregnancy hormone increases can lead to pregnancy sickness. It’s usually nicknamed morning sickness, as it tends to happen mostly in the morning. However, there are women who experience all-day sickness. Certain foods may make you nauseous, even just the smell of them. You may find your sickness is worse if you let yourself get hungry.

Most of the time, your morning sickness will disappear by the second trimester. If it is so bad that you can’t stomach water or any food, you should discuss this with your doctor.

The hormones can also lead to more frequent urination. This gets worse as your baby grows and starts pushing on your bladder. There isn’t much room in there, so your organs will need to move around and take up less space than they’re used to. That means you can’t quite hold in as much urine as you used to.

The Shifting of Organs and Growing Belly

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The most notable change in pregnancy is to your stomach area. Your belly will grow as your baby gets bigger. Some babies sit back, keeping the bump small. However, others can sit forward, forcing your belly to stick out further. Your belly button can also push out, despite always having an “inny” growing up.

If you are already of a larger size, you may not initially notice the growing belly. This can also depend on the positioning of the baby. Friends may overlook your belly until the second trimester, which can be useful if you’re trying to keep it quite at work.

Subsequent pregnancies tend to show earlier than your first. Your body knows what to expect and will start making room right away.

The organs will shift during pregnancy. You may find your stomach and liver are pushed up towards your chest cavity, while your bladder, kidneys, and intestines are forced down. Your baby wants the space to itself, understandably.

These organ shifts won’t be visible, but you can experience symptoms. We’ve already discussed the frequent urination, but your eating habits and breathing abilities can change. As your stomach is pushed further into the lungs, you can find your lungs don’t quite have the space to fill with air. Your breaths get shallow and light.

As for eating, you may find your stomach feels fuller sooner. You don’t eat as much as you used to. Don’t worry about this, as your body can handle with the smaller number of calories you are getting. Just make sure you follow a healthy and balanced diet to get the nutrients you and your growing baby need.

Some women experience bad stomach acid reflux. This is due to the positioning of the stomach and the size. It’s easier for the stomach acid to escape up the pipes and into the mouth. Heartburn and indigestion are also common, especially in the later stages of pregnancy. Most women experience these on a night and find they need to lay propped up slightly to avoid the feeling of acid in their throat.

With your intestines and colon getting smaller spaces, the food and waste can’t pass through as easily or as quickly. Women tend to find constipation is common.

Changes That You’ll Notice

While a protruding belly is one of the symptoms you’ll notice, there are others that are commonly overlooked until they happen. There is a common statement of a “pregnancy glow.” As your hormones change, your skin can look rosy and shiny now and then. Your body has more blood flowing through it, which shows in your skin.

However, not all women experience this glow. The change in hormones can lead to acne flare-ups, especially if you suffered from these flare-ups as a teenager. Most of the time the acne is temporary and will disappear after pregnancy. There are times that it can stick around afterward, so you may want to speak to your doctor.

Redness and inflammation of the skin can also appear. If you do have to swell, talk to your doctor. While many people will say, that swelling is common, when it’s in the arms and face it can be a sign of a medical problem.

Another outer change you’ll likely notice is to your breasts. They will start to get bigger, as they prepare for breastfeeding. Even if you don’t plan on breastfeeding, the breasts will get ready; they don’t know your plans!

Don’t worry if you see your nipples and the area around them getting darker or small bumps forming. These are completely normal and are to help your baby find your breasts. Babies have poor eyesight from birth, so the dark spots help them locate the food.

Due to pregnancy hormones and the growing period, your breasts can feel tender and heavy. You shouldn’t feel any lumps though. Keep doing your usual checks to make sure there are no other health problems.

Blue veins can also appear on your breasts. They may also appear on other parts of the body. They’re known as spider veins and are due to the body pumping more blood around the system. They will disappear after pregnancy usually.

You shouldn’t lay on your back during pregnancy, but if you do you may see the middle of your stomach protruding as you sit up. This is because the muscles in your stomach can separate and your baby and other organs can start to push through that gap. You want to avoid this happening as much as possible. Don’t use the stomach muscles to sit up. Instead, roll to one side and push yourself up with your arms.

Changes to Your Vaginal Area

Your vagina may lose some sensitivity during pregnancy, as the wall becomes thicker. Your body is preparing you for the birth of your baby. However, the discharge can become thin with a white tinge. If you see some bleeding, don’t initially panic. Around 50% of women will experience bleeding in their pregnancies, but only 25% will experience a miscarriage. Spotting is common when the egg is implanting in the uterus. Do mention any bleeding to your doctor, especially in later stages of pregnancy.

You shouldn’t have any pain. Some mild discomfort can be normal, but pain with bleeding is a serious sign, and you need to talk to your doctor. If there is severe pain, go to your nearest hospital.

Cognitive Changes During Pregnancy

We mentioned that there are some cognitive changes. Your hormones will affect your whole body.

The first is the tiredness, which can have an extra effect on your brain. When you feel tired, you will find it harder to concentrate or remember things. There is a common condition called “baby brain.” You may experience fogginess or short-term memory loss, such as forgetting why you walked into a room or who you were going to call. Many women laugh about it because it is normal things that they struggle to remember.

Of course, there are also emotional changes. Mood swings are normal. You’re tired, forgetful, and feel heavy. While you know pregnancy is a wonderful thing and leads to a beautiful baby, you may not be quite so happy about all the changes happening. That is perfectly normal.

On top of that, your vision can change. The hormones affect blood flow to the eyes and can affect the cornea shape. You may develop astigmatism or find you can’t quite see the road signs with your current eye glasses. These changes are perfectly normal and usually minor, but they do get annoying. Many of them will reverse once you’ve given birth.

Changes to Your Teeth and Gums

Your eyes aren’t the only things affected by the blood flow and hormonal changes. Your mouth will be affected. There is more blood in your body, and it must go somewhere. That somewhere is usually to your mouth to escape through your gums.

Many pregnant women experience swollen and bleeding gums. It’s important to look after your teeth to avoid tooth decay and gum disease because of the swelling. Your dentist will help to keep track of the swelling and assess the damage after your pregnancy if you’re worried.

If you don’t get the right amount of nutrients through your diet for your baby, your body will steal it from you. Calcium is necessary, and the body takes it from the bones and teeth if necessary. This will mean your teeth can feel loser and may become damaged more easily.

Get regular check-ups with your dentist. Avoid the x-rays until your baby is born. If you need a filling, you may want a temporary one until after the birth.

Your Ligaments and Tendons Are Affected

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Those aches and pains that you hear women complaining about during pregnancy aren’t just linked to the growing weight of the baby. While the weight does put pressure on your back and hips, your ligaments and tendons also change during this time of life.

Your body is getting ready for you to push the baby out. Even if you’ve planned a C-section, your body will prepare for getting the baby out of your vagina. It needs to loosen the muscles, ligaments, and tendons to allow for that. Unfortunately, this can mean aches and pain.

Two of the most common issues in pregnant women are SPD and carpel tunnel syndrome—yes, your wrists can be affected despite having nothing to do with pregnancy.

SPD is experienced in the hips. The pain can shoot into the thighs, and it can be difficult to walk. It’s due to the loosening hips joints, ready to push apart when the baby comes out. Many women will experience it mostly in the third trimester, but if this is a subsequent pregnancy, it can happen earlier.

As for the carpal tunnel, the swelling and inflammation in the body will lead to the compression of nerves. If you get swelling in your fingers, your nerves in your wrists are affected. You may experience pain in your forearms and up to your shoulders.

While ibuprofen is recommended to help ease muscle and tendon pain, doctors will not usually recommend it during pregnancy. If this is a problem, talk to your doctor about your pain killer options.

The Changes to Your Body in Pregnancy Are Amazing

There is so much happening in your body during pregnancy. Your body knows how to prepare you for this growing baby and starts from the very first moment it sees a spike in your hormones. It will take some of the energy you must give to your baby. You can experience some nutritional loss, especially if you don’t have a balanced diet.

These changes don’t last forever. You will find that your body returns to normal after pregnancy. The pain will end, you should get rid of the acne, and your eyesight will usually return to normal.


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Start the Year Strong with This High-Performance Vegetable



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(BPT) – Chasing a place on the podium isn’t possible without the proper fuel for your body. Whether you’re going for the gold or just passing the pigskin in honor of the big game, athletes and amateurs alike need the right combination of nutrients to take on their training, and sports nutritionists across the nation are recommending one vegetable in particular to get them there – potatoes!

Here’s why:

Carbohydrate – Potatoes are a nutrient-dense vegetable with 26 grams of quality carbohydrates. Carbohydrates are important for optimal physical and mental performance as the primary fuel for your brain and a key source of energy for muscles. And, because your body’s own stores of carbohydrates are limited and may be depleted – even in a single session of intense and/or prolonged exercise – it’s important to replenish them.

Potassium – Did you know a medium-sized potato with the skin has more potassium than a medium-sized banana? A medium (5.2 ounce) skin-on potato contains 620 mg of potassium, an important electrolyte that aids in muscle, cardiovascular and nervous system function. The 2015 Dietary Guidelines mention potassium as an under-consumed nutrient of concern, and recommend consuming foods with high levels of potassium such as white potatoes.

Energy – Potatoes are more energy-packed than any other popular vegetable. Adequate energy intake supports optimal body functions and it’s critical to take in the appropriate number of calories to match the demands of the day, especially while training.

Partial to pasta or rice? With as much – if not more – of several essential vitamins and minerals found in spaghetti, brown rice or whole wheat bread, potatoes are a smart addition to your other favorite performance foods (compared on a per-serving basis). What’s more, a medium Russet potato with the skin has more vitamin C and potassium than a medium sweet potato.

There is a medal-worthy potato option to fit your tastes (and schedule) no matter what sport is your specialty. Leslie Bonci, registered dietitian and nutrition consultant for the Kansas City Chiefs and the WNBA, says, “I love potatoes for their versatility, affordability and applicability to all types of culinary options. The carbohydrate, fiber and potassium make them a great choice for workouts and offer a change of pace and taste from other sports-focused foods.

She created a recipe for portable and crunchy On-the-Go Potatoes for a quick savory snack for mid-hike or mid-bike that’s ready in just about 30 minutes. Gearing up for a busy week? Make a batch of On-the-Go Potatoes on Sunday and freeze them. Defrost throughout the week by leaving in the refrigerator overnight, and then simply re-heat in the toaster oven (or enjoy cold).

On-the-Go Potatoes

Yield: 8 servings (about 5 potatoes per serving)


24 oz. petite yellow potatoes (about 40 petite potatoes)

2 tablespoons olive oil

2 tablespoons soy sauce

1 cup panko crumbs

1/4 cup tuxedo sesame seeds

2 teaspoons Chinese 5-Spice seasoning mix


Put potatoes in a bowl and toss with the olive oil and soy sauce. Mix to coat well.

In a separate bowl, combine panko bread crumbs, sesame seeds and 5-spice seasoning and mix well.

In small batches, put the potatoes in the bread crumb mixture and roll around to coat well.

Transfer to a cookie sheet. Bake at 450 degrees for 20 to 25 minutes, until cooked through.


Per serving (8 servings; about 5 potatoes per serving): Calories 174, Fat: 5.7 g, Cholesterol: 0 mg, Sodium: 257 mg, Carbohydrates: 26.8 g, Fiber: 2.5 g, Potassium: 485 mg, Protein: 4.3 g, Vitamin C: 7 mg


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8 Body-Improving Workouts for Beginners



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Putting on weight is much harder than losing weight. You can lose 1-2 pounds per week.But to put on lean weight, you’ll only gain 1-2 lbs per month. To build your muscle, you need to consume a lot more than what your body burns.

Let’s say, if you want to build 1400-1500 calories per day, you need to consume atleast 2000-2500 calories per day. It’s not easy to consume large amounts of food, so these tips by Joanna Soh Fitness and Nutrition coach will help to improve your body.

Useful Tips

Consume high-calorie food. Your diet needs to contain lots of healthy fats because they are high in calories and a lot of natural sugar as well. So whenever you’re cooking a meal, always add a good amount of olive oil in it to increase your calorie intake. Include foods that are high in calories such as avocado, peanut butter, and nuts.

Increase your omega three fatty acid intake. Omega 3 fatty acids help especially women to reset their body chemistry. This process helps you to put on weight quickly. Therefore try to consume lots of fish, beans, and leafy green vegetables.

Drink lots of milk. Drink milk atleast 2-4 times a day. Forget about the semi-skilled milk and go in for the full-fat milk. You can drink a cup of milk with every meal.

Eat more frequently atleast 5-6 times a day. Include lots of healthy carbs in your meals. Examples include potatoes, whole wheat bread, pasta, and rice. Eat them at least four times a day. Pack in lots of fruits and vegetables in your meal because they contain carbs as well. Instead of eating whole fruits, mix lots of fruits and make a huge cup of smoothie for your breakfast.

Introduce supplements to your diet. You can choose protein shakes to add to your calories per day. But do remember, that you should not replace them with a meal. It is an adult supplement to increase the calories intake. So you should still have 5 to 6 meals a day which is full of carbs, fresh fruits, and vegetables.

Exercise helps with weight gain. Commit at least 3 to 4 times a week for a minimum of thirty minutes. You will notice a difference in comparison to those who are losing weight. You need to do minimal cardio and lots of strength training. Try to keep your cardio to warm-ups and your cool downs. Try to focus on good quality strength training. You can use heavy weights as part of your training.

Instead of using light weights where you’ll be able to do 50 to 20 reps you should be able to do heavy weights, where you’ll only be able to do 8-10 reps. If you can do more than ten reps, you need to increase your weights. Always remember to rest your muscles, by this way you build muscle.

Try not to work on the same muscles everyday. Your muscles need 24-48 hours to recover. With a proper diet and workout plan, you can build up your muscle definition.

Exercise Plan to Gain Weight for Women

Tutorial: Joanna Soh

This training program is based on compound exercises. Compound exercises work more than one muscle in your body. They are more effective and efficient for muscle growth.

You need to perform these exercises 3 to 4 times weekly on every alternate day. It is not in the gym that you achieve growth, but when you rest and recover.

Follow your workout day with a rest day to assure full recovery and muscle growth. Spend no more than 60 minutes per session.

The best way to determine the right weight for you is that you should lift six reps or more. But not more than 12 reps of an exercise.Increase your weight if you can lift more than 12 reps. If you can’t do even six reps, then decrease your weight.


10 exercises, 4 sets per exercise:rest 45-60 seconds between sets

  • Set 1 try 12 reps
  • Set 2 increase your weight to 10 reps.
  • Set 3 increase the weight so you can only do eight reps
  • Set 4 lift even higher weights so you can do only six

The goal is to achieve muscle fatigue where your body will not be able to lift the same weight or perform at the same intensity, as before. Do this exercise plan for 4-6 weeks. As you progress,try to lift even heavier weights, and increase the sets to 5 or 6. So here is the workout.

  • Squat
  • Bent-over row
  • Pushups
  • Lunges
  • Chest press
  • Shoulder Press
  • Deadlifts
  • Supported Pull up
  • Tricep Dips
  • Spiderman planks

Best Beginner Total Body Toning for Women Under 10 Mins

Tutorial: Joana Soh

Squat and Tricep Pushback: Spread out your arms. When squatting down, bring your arms forward and push it back.

Knee Pushups: Get down on the mat. Keep your chest apart. Lift your toes off the floor. Go down as low as you can and come up.

Lunges with Oblique Twist: Start with your right leg, step forward. Keep one leg back down. When you’re down, turn your body. Come back up. Switch sides.

Plank: Stay on your knees,Bring elbows forward, keep them at 90 degrees. Lower your bum, and hold in this position for 30 seconds. You can also hold this position with your toes. Remember to keep your body in a straight line.

Total Body Strength Training and Core Workout for Beginners

Tutorial: Fitness Blender


  • 5 min warm up
  • 16-minute interval style workout
  • 5 minute cool down

Warm Up

  • Push- Pulls: Push your hands in front of you and pull back.
  • Arm Circles: Rotate your arm back, reverse the direction and switch sides.
  • Torso Circles: Rotate your torso in a circle.
  • Up and Overs: Raise your knee high up and move it to your side.
  • Side Lunge: Raise your leg up to your chest and touch with your hands.
  • Jumping Jack: Do your jumping jacks slowly and then increase speed.

Interval Style Workout

  • Pushups: First do half of the pushups on your knees and the other half on your toes.
  • Toe Touch Crunch: Lie flat, crunch up and touch your toes and follow it up with Push Ups.
  • Squat: If you want to increase the challenge do single leg squats.
  • Russian Twist: Sit on the floor, keep your hands straight and rotate your torso.
  • Supine Pushup: Lie face up, press elbows and lift your chest up.
  • Oblique Crunch: Lie on your side, crunch and touch your legs.

Follow it up with

  • Alternating Lunge
  • Oblique crunch

Cool Down

Complete your workout with this set of cool downs.

  • Chest stretch
  • Arms cross stretch
  • Backstretch
  • Toe touch
  • Seated toe touch
  • Deep glute stretch

Total Body Conditioning Workout

Tutorial: Athlean XX for women

Front Raise: Start with your dumbbells, take them up to eye level and back down. Do 15 reps.

Lateral Raise: Raise your arms laterally along with those dumbbells.

Bent Over Fly: Slightly bend over your legs and do a fly.

50 Jump Squats: Squat low down and jump.

Catch Jump Lunges: Try 50 of those. Do jump lunges and catch.

Squat Kick Out: Perform a deep squat and kick out. Do 50 reps.

Curl: Keep your abs in and do the curls with dumbells. Do 12-15 reps.

Press Up Overhead: Keep your abs in, knees slightly bent and pressed up with a sandbag or your weights. Do 20 reps.

Row: Start with your knees shoulder width apart, slightly bend and keep your abs tight, shoulders back, and pull the weight. Try 12-15 reps.

Bicycle Crunches: Lie face up, keep one leg straight and one leg bent. Twist your body, touching your elbow to your knee. Perform 50 reps.

Four by Fours: Do 25 reps and follow it up with V-Ups.

Power Poses to Gain Muscle with Yoga for Beginners

Yoga increases your strength while keeping you focused on your health, nutrition and fitness goals. “There’s no need for beginners to be intimidated by all of the advanced asanas and transitions they see. The key is being humble enough to dedicate yourself to mastering the basics.”-Kino MacGregor, Yoga Teacher

Try these poses to gain strength

  • Meditation pose
  • Downward facing dog pose
  • Dolphin plank pose
  • Equal balancing pose
  • Beginner side plank

The above sequence builds your strength. Try to focus on the essential elements, of a strong, stable shoulder girdle, a firm core, and a balanced mind. You will feel the magical life of strength starting to take shape.

Ultimate Beginners Full Body Workout

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For the first two weeks, practice lighter weights. For the second two weeks, start with light warm up, then choose a slightly heavier weight. For weeks 5-8 try a more challenging weight for your second and third sets.

Follow this work out three times per week on consecutive days.

Weeks 1-2 (2 sets, 15 reps)

  • Barbell bench press- Medium Grip
  • Lying T- Bar Row
  • Seated Dumbbell press
  • Standing dumbbell press
  • Dip machine
  • Lying leg curls
  • Ab crunch machine

Weeks 3-4 (3 sets: 15, 12, ten reps)

  • Barbell bench press (medium grip)
  • Lying T-bar row
  • Seated dumbbell press
  • Standing dumbbell press
  • Dip machine
  • Leg press
  • Lying leg curls
  • Ab crunch machine

Weeks 5-8 (3 sets: 12, 8, eight reps)

  • Barbell bench press (medium grip)
  • Lying T- bar row
  • Seated dumbbell press
  • Standing dumbbell press
  • Dip machine
  • Leg press
  • Lying leg curls
  • Ab crunch machine

Kelly’s Calorie Torching, Muscle Building Workout

Tutorial: Fitness Blender

Workout Structure:

Groups of two exercises
40 seconds on 15 seconds rest x2

Deadlifts: lift 24 pounds in each hand. Bend down and lift your weights carefully.

Lunge Row: lift 9 pounds in each hand. Come into a lunge and row with your opposite arm.

Ski Squat Tricep Extension: Keep your feet close together, squat down, pull your elbows up to the air at your sides. Extend.

Deadlifts Toes Out: Keep your toes pointed out and lift those weights.

Deadlift Toes In: Keep your toes pointed in, sink back down and push back up.

Crusty Lunge Curls: Step behind and across your body and curl.

Water Break

Halo + Good Morning: Hold one weight with both your hands. Rotate the kettlebell around your head in opposite directions and bend down.

Follow it up with the

  • Squat + overhead press
  • Wall Sit lateral raises
  • Side lunge ventral raises
  • Bridge and chest press
  • Backbow pulls and
  • Bridge +chest press

Make sure you cool down and stretch. Drink lots of water and eat clean.

Body Firming HIIT Workout for Beginners (Home Exercise Routine)

Tutorial: Fitness Blender

Workout Structure: 4 minutes warm up: 17 minute HIIT, two rounds

Stretches: Crossover toe touch stretch: Complete these stretches with 15 seconds on each side. Then switch legs. Follow it up with

  • Standing crisscross crunch (1 minute)
  • Torso rotations (30 seconds)
  • Alternating high kicks (1 minute)
  • Leg swings 30 seconds on each side

HIIT Workout:

For each exercise 20 seconds active, 10 seconds rest x3 two rounds

  • Jumping jacks
  • Ski squats+kicks
  • Traveling pushups
  • Crisscross Crunches
  • Fingertip to toe Jacks
  • 2-minute active rest


Working all your major muscle groups allows you to build a symmetrical physique. It also prevents muscular imbalances that can arise when you favor some body parts over others. Imbalances can lead to serious injuries. Since you’re a beginner, it’s important to practice the basic movements, before using more challenging weights.

Decades of research evidence points out that doing 3-4 sets of a given exercise produces maximum benefit. Typically you should do a warm up set or two of that movement before tackling more challenging weights.

It’s always wise to use multi-joint moves because you can use heavier weights and therefore enjoy greater muscle and strength gains. As a beginner, you’ll choose lightweight, but as you progress, you should try to use more challenging weights, those in which you reach muscle failure by 8-12 reps with good form. If you’re training for strength, choose even heavier weights.

It’s essential that you take a short rest between sets. Your muscles get fatigue during a set. So they need time to remove the lactic acid and changes in the pH that build up in the surrounding tissue. Getting 48 hours of rest between workouts is wise.

Finally, strive to do a little more in each workout. If your body’s musculature improves and you keep on doing the same exercise, your muscles won’t grow any further.

Avoid falling into the rut of repeating the same workout, week in and week out. Strive to do more reps or increase the weight from one workout to the next. Give your muscles the progressive stimulus to make positive improvements.


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Small Investment Renos That Pay Big Returns



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Knowing where to invest to get your home in tip top shape to sell or enjoy can be a daunting and expensive task – but, it doesn’t need to be. Christopher Alexander of Re/Max has seen what makes potential buyer’s eyes light up and what sends them walking. Here are his tips on renovations that pay big when it comes time to resale:

Improve your curb appeal. First impressions make a lasting impression. You want buyers and guests to be drawn in immediately and excited to see the rest of your home. These renovations could include painting the exterior, replacing old windows and splurging on professional landscaping. A bed of flowers will add a pop of color and a retiled pathway will invite everyone in.

Entryway. While an element of outside renovations, these improvements stand alone because they are so vital. When buyers and guests come to your entrance way, they are viewing your home up close. If you have a weathered mailbox, cracked porch steps or an old door, replace them to enhance a positive first impression.

Flooring. If you watch real estate and renovation shows, you know the biggest offender to buyers is carpeting. Hardwood flooring is preferred by most for its aesthetic and easy maintenance. Other appealing alternatives include vinyl, laminate and ceramic tile.

Faucets and fixtures. Bathrooms and kitchens are the workhorse of every house. If your counters look old and worn, consider replacing them with beautiful quartz or granite. Faucets and handles are used daily, so they experience continual wear and tear. Fortunately, updating them requires little investment but makes the greatest impact.

Lighting. Illumination makes a big difference on how people view your home. On a cloudy, dreary day, you want the space to be a cozy haven. On a sunny day, you need your home to reflect the beautiful outdoor weather. Modernizing your lighting fixtures and small renovations for optimal lighting placement will make your home shine in buyers’ eyes.

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Buckle Up for the New Passenger Economy



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(BPT) – A hundred years ago, few thought that the clunky automobile that broke down so often would ever replace a horse. In the 1970s, people wondered if the personal computer that a few eccentrics were using would have any use beyond storing recipes. It’s safe to say that these innovations, along with many of the technologies we now use daily, were once considered impossible dreams.

Right now, the most-talked-about piece of technological innovation that is poised to transform our lives is the autonomous or self-driving car. As self-driving cars gain widespread adoption, analysts are predicting the rise of what is known as the passenger economy – a term coined by Intel – that is expected to be worth $7 trillion by 2050 as validated in a new report by analyst firm Strategy Analytics.

Seven trillion dollars is a lot of money! A decade ago, people couldn’t fully imagine the way smartphones would give rise to the app economy. Today we are at the threshold of something equally momentous – that’s why entrepreneurs and investors are now beginning to imagine the economic possibilities tied in with autonomous cars.

The following are five big areas of opportunity that will unfold in the passenger economy era.

Time will be on people’s side. One of the most obvious benefits of a self-driving car is the amount of time it frees up. Drivers become passengers, and so will be able to concentrate on other tasks. Not only will people be able to work or watch a movie on their way to work, but the commute itself will be shorter, since traffic congestion will become a thing of the past. With smarter analytics, it’s estimated that by 2050, the widespread use of autonomous cars will free up over 250 million hours of commute time per year in the most congested cities.

Apps were only the beginning. As more people use autonomous cars, companies and entrepreneurs will respond by developing innovative applications that will entertain and provide services to passengers. Just like innovators used smartphones to unlock the sharing economy, there will be opportunities for startups to discover new “car-veniences” that will be expected to generate some $200 billion in revenue.

A new world of advertising. From the late ’90s, we started seeing new forms of advertising emerge on the web. With self-driving cars, we are poised to see powerful new opportunities that deliver personalized messages to consumers. For instance, algorithms can compute routes and route history to hone in on passengers with specific on board advertisements from surrounding businesses or attractions. This could be a huge boost to local businesses and will be much more effective than the primitive billboard.

Mobility-as-a-service. Imagine ordering take-out, or having your groceries or a package of diapers come to your door via a driverless car. This is something that we’re likely to see fairly soon. Shipping and freight companies, local delivery services and internet giants will make use of autonomous vehicles to transport goods across the country. These types of services will likely generate $3 trillion in revenues by 2050.

New business models. Today, many companies offer perks such as work-from-home days or the option for people to leave the office to work in a cafe or wherever is most suitable for them. In the not-too-distant future, the workplace will further transform as the commute evolves. The self-driving car will blend with the office, turning the commute into a productive part of the workday. In turn, this will allow people to go home earlier and spend more time with their families.

The advent of the passenger economy will contribute to a safer and more efficient world. Those who can imagine and anticipate the coming changes will be in the best position to get the most out of it.

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